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Article
July 6, 1957

VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION OF CARDIAC SURGICAL PATIENTSSTUDY OF ONE HUNDRED TWO CASES OF PEOPLE WITH HEART DISEASE FOR WHOM SERVICES INCLUDING CARDIAC SURGERY WERE PROVIDED BY THE MASSACHUSETTS DIVISION OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION

JAMA. 1957;164(10):1079-1084. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980100035007
Abstract

• The effectiveness of a program for the vocational rehabilitation of cardiac patients was tested by studying the records of 101 persons who had undergone cardiac surgery. Rheumatic heart disease was the diagnosis in 88 and congenital defect in 12 cases. These patients were in financial need, and the means for physical restoration were provided by this program, which is a boon to people with marginal incomes that have been depleted by long illnesses. There were 12 therapeutic failures; 5 of these were operative deaths, 5 were deaths up to 16 months after surgery, and 2 were cases of survival without benefit from the operation. Of the 89 patients in whom surgery was successful, 74 had gone to work by the end of the study and 15 had not. Vocational guidance and training, together with the alleviation of the financial problems imposed by long illness and cardiac surgery, are shown by this study to have given commendable results.

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