• Over 890 endoscopists were asked to report accidents peculiar to their practice. A report was compiled dealing with such accidents as encountered during a total of 267,175 gastroscopies and 40,540 esophagoscopies. The purpose of this survey was to determine the calculated risks of these procedures and to accumulate information on the circumstances which apparently contribute significant hazards to transoral instrumentation. Perforation was the main problem, but anesthetic reaction was not an inconsiderable threat. The over-all accident rate in cases of gastroscopy was 0.079%, and in cases of esophagoscopy, 0.25%. The findings are interpreted in an effort to find ways to circumvent accidental endoscopic injury.
Palmer ED, Wirts CW. SURVEY OF GASTROSCOPIC AND ESOPHAGOSCOPIC ACCIDENTSREPORT OF COMMITTEE ON ACCIDENTS OF THE AMERICAN GASTROSCOPIC SOCIETY. JAMA. 1957;164(18):2012–2015. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980180014004
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