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September 21, 1957

Hospital Treatment of Alcoholism: A Comparative, Experimental Study

JAMA. 1957;165(3):309. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980210105027

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This book represents the findings of a two and a half year research project at the Veteran's Administration Hospital at Topeka, Kan. The purpose of the study was to compare different methods of prolonged treatment of alcoholic patients in a hospital setting. Four methods, disulfiram therapy, conditioned reflex therapy, group hypnotherapy, and closed ward therapy are described. The last group served as a control and differed from the others in that no special drug or technique was employed. The usual psychotherapy was used in this group. Hospitalization of each patient ranged from 60 to 90 days. One hundred seventy-eight hospitalized alcoholic male patients were studied with a followup period of two years. Patients were assigned to the various modalities on a random basis in the order of their admission. Exceptions were made when the physical condition of the patient would not warrant possible strain from disulfiram or conditioned reflex drugs.

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