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November 2, 1957


JAMA. 1957;165(9):1135-1141. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.72980270005011

Background  Any committee that essays to discuss the subject of blood procurement in the United States faces an anomalous situation. Across the United States the machineries for collecting, processing, and distributing blood for medical use are either community sponsored or so organized as to create a certain awareness that these machineries function in the public welfare. Yet on a specified day the individuals who give blood represent only a minor portion of the people whose age range and health would allow them to qualify. Those who do present themselves are predominantly men, most of whom have donated previously—not unusually three, four, or more times. Despite weaknesses in the donor recruitment systems, resulting in the very few carrying the burden for the many, the established agencies by hard work have managed to perform their economic mission.Seasonal factors and inventories which are short with respect to blood of a particular group