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November 2, 1957

Degenerative Changes in the Sternoclavicular and Acromioclavicular Joints in Various Decades

JAMA. 1957;165(9):1217. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980270127035

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This monograph demonstrates the extensive work of the author and his associates in this field. The descriptions of the degenerative changes are divided into the various decades, with a careful examination of the sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints. Subsequent chapters describe the microscopic changes. One section is devoted to the changes of torsion in the clavicle which result in three distinct types of acromioclavicular joint. It is interesting to note that degenerative changes appear in the acromioclavicular joint as early as the second decade, whereas these changes do not appear in the sternoclavicular joint until the third decade. The roentgenographic changes correspond in general to the gross findings. This book is interesting from a purely clinical research standpoint, but the clinical application of the changes described is discussed only briefly.

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