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November 30, 1957

Surgery: A Guide to Surgical Diagnosis and Treatment Including Tropical Surgery

JAMA. 1957;165(13):1762-1763. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980310114028

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This presentation of the major aspects of surgery and pathology has been prepared for auxiliary hospital personnel. The emphasis is on these problems when encountered in the tropics, specifically in Africa. In this attempt to cover the subject for the nonprofessional medical and hospital assistants, the author has used definitions and descriptions of disease and discussed disturbances in function and methods of treatment that are not customarily encountered in modern writings. This results in some compromise of facts and tends to detract from the author's purpose. For example, to account for the differences between acute and chronic infection, the latter is explained as a process due to the slow rate of bacterial invasion. Shock is described as primary (neurogenic) and secondary (hypovolemic), and each form is explained appropriately; however, many of the newer concepts, which might well have been introduced for the sake of accuracy, have not been mentioned. Burns

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