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May 17, 1958


Author Affiliations

Edgewood, Md.

Deputy Director of Medical Research, Chemical Warfare Laboratories, Army Chemical Center.

JAMA. 1958;167(3):317-319. doi:10.1001/jama.1958.72990200008008

It has been my privilege to have been involved for several years with investigations of artificial respiration. The first of these, conducted by Drs. Comroe, Gordon, Karpovich, and Whittenberger, led to the nation-wide acceptance of the backpressure arm-lift method of manual artificial respiration. The history of their studies and descriptions of the preferred method and of an alternate method have been published.1

While manual methods were being studied, two medical officers assigned to the Army Chemical Corps, Capt. Richard J. Johns, M. C., U. S. Army (now Assistant Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University Medical School, Baltimore) and Lieut. David Y. Cooper III, M. C., U. S. N. (now with the Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia), conceived the idea of a mask-to-mask resuscitator suitable for use on nerve gas casualties in a contaminated atmosphere.2 This device is being developed by the Army Chemical