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Article
November 29, 1958

Negroes and Medicine

JAMA. 1958;168(13):1829-1830. doi:10.1001/jama.1958.03000130095028

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Abstract

The study contained in this volume was conducted by the sociology department of the University of Chicago in the period Oct. 1, 1955, through March 31, 1957. It provides an interesting and informative presentation of opportunities for Negroes in medicine, and the general status of medical care for and by Negroes, through a comparative analysis of 14 communities across the United States. The first section of the report analyzes both Negro applicants to medical schools and Negro medical students. All data dealing with this analysis were obtained from such sources as the Association of American Medical Colleges, the registrars of Howard University School of Medicine and Meharry Medical College, and a questionnaire survey of other approved medical schools in the United States. Statistical information reveals that in 1950 the Negro population of the United States accounted for 10% of the total population, but only 2.2% of all physicians were Negro.

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