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December 13, 1958


JAMA. 1958;168(15):2024. doi:10.1001/jama.1958.03000150066015

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CIVILIAN and military scientists are cooperating extensively to devise a vehicle in which man may be safely lifted into outer space, perhaps as far as the moon or some planet. A project so immensely complex and far reaching requires the knowledge and skills of many groups of scientists—astronomers, physicists, chemists, biologists, engineers, botanists, metallurgists, psychologists, physicians, and others. Already the engineering capability exists to launch rocket vehicles at orbital or escape velocities; however, the techniques devised to keep the human astronaut healthy, to rescue him in case of disaster, and to bring him back safely to earth are in need of many refinements. To this end, the U. S. Air Force School of Aviation Medicine, nearly 10 years ago, founded a department of space medicine which was the first branch of any educational or research institution concerning itself solely with conditions that man would meet in space. The research accomplished

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