Cardiac arrest is best defined as sudden cessation of cardiac function from the effects of anesthesia or surgical manipulation. The incidence of cardiac arrest has been recorded as anywhere from 1 per 696 to 1 per 24,000 operations. The natural tendency to evade responsibility by reporting deaths due to anesthesia as due to cardiac arrest must not be overlooked. The patient should be protected against noxious reflexes by proper and adequate premedication. Hypoventilation with its vicious offspring, hypoxia and hypercapnia, must be avoided. All exponents of the art of anesthesiology must be diligent and conscientious in preventing this tragedy.
McCarthy KC. THE PROBLEM OF CARDIAC ARREST. JAMA. 1958;168(16):2101–2103. doi:10.1001/jama.1958.03000160015005
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