The records of 57 men and 20 women patients in six county rehabilitation clinics for alcoholics were studied in order to identify the factors favoring recovery. Treatment included both individual and group psychotherapy. Criteria of improvement included the amount or frequency of alcoholconsumption, family and social adjustment, occupational adjustment, and physical appearance, and 42% of the patients improved on three or more of these criteria. The greatest improvement was found in those who attended the most treatment-sessions, whose spouses participated in the sessions, and whose relatives received routine social service contacts. The people attracted to these clinics were of a socially stable type in extreme contrast to the alcoholic stereotype. The unusually favorable results obtained demonstrate the importance of considering groups, especially the family, in future planning for the outpatient treatment of chronic alcoholism.
Thomas RE, Gliedman LH, Freund J, Imber SD, Stone AR. FAVORABLE RESPONSE IN THE CLINICAL TREATMENT OF CHRONIC ALCOHOLISM. JAMA. 1959;169(17):1994–1997. doi:10.1001/jama.1959.03000340026007
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