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Article
May 23, 1959

RESEARCH AND TRAINING

Author Affiliations

Madison, Wis.

President, University of Wisconsin.

JAMA. 1959;170(4):428-432. doi:10.1001/jama.1959.03010040024005
Abstract

Education is a human experience, and methods of training are many and varied. Medical education, perhaps better than any other field, illustrates the progress of teaching through the years—how new ideas and methods developed and how the best of them were carried forward and augmented by later ideas and methods.

History of Medical Education  Dr. William S. Middleton traced this history some years ago, when he was dean of the University of Wisconsin Medical School, from its origin in the priesthood of antiquity to the modern medical school. In the evolution of Greek culture, medicine was eventually separated from the priesthood. The first medical school at Alexandria, founded by Alexander of Macedonia, trained such notable medical figures as Herophilus, Erasistratus, and Galen. With the Roman conquest of Egypt, the school at Alexandria was disbanded, and it fell again to the church to bridge the gap until the establishment of the

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