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Complications of earlier methods of peritonea! dialysis are eliminated by a new technique of intermittent dialysis utilizing commercially prepared electrolyte solutions, special catheters, and a "closed system" of infusion and drainage. This was mechanically successful in 76 instances. Conditions treated satisfactorily included acute renal failure, barbiturate poisoning, intractable edema, hepatic coma, hypercalcemia, and chronic uremia. Although less efficient than the artificial kidney on an hourly basis, peritoneal lavage is easier to use over extended periods of time.
Maxwell MH, Rockney RE, Kleeman CR, Twiss MR. PERITONEAL DIALYSIS: 1. TECHNIQUE AND APPLICATIONS. JAMA. 1959;170(8):917–924. doi:10.1001/jama.1959.03010080025004
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