Radiation therapy has not received the consideration it deserves from the physician evaluating the various specialties prior to selecting one for his residency training. This is so because few recognize that radiation therapy exists as a separate specialty in the practice of medicine. It is thought of as only one facet of radiology and is not considered further. While in a sense it is a part of radiology, actually there is a separate certification in radiation therapy issued by the American Board of Radiology. Qualification for examination for certification follows a training period of three years devoted to the arts and sciences of the application of ionizing radiations in the management and treatment of patients with cancer. A fourth year is devoted to practice or further training. The rationale for the separation of the two branches of general radiology and its evolution is thoroughly discussed by Newell1 and others.
Archambeau JO, Wildermuth O. A RESIDENCY IN RADIATION THERAPY. JAMA. 1959;171(6):636–638. doi:10.1001/jama.1959.03010240004002
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