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THE Conference Committee on Graduate Training in Surgery sponsored by the American Board of Surgery, the American College of Surgeons, and the American Medical Association was organized to evaluate residency programs in surgery. There is apparently confusion in the minds of some physicians as to the activities and accomplishments of this committee.
Records indicate, as shown in the table below, that in 1951, the first year of the Committee's activities, 224 four-year programs and 258 three-year programs were approved, with a total number of 3,877 residency positions available. In 1958 records indicate that 329 four-year programs and 198 threeyear programs were approved with a total number of 5,316 residency positions available. Lest it appear from these figures that approval of three-year programs is being curtailed, we wish to emphasize, as will be noted later, that in 1958 alone 19 three-year programs were elevated to a four-year program.
The 5,316 residency
Cole WH. THE CONFERENCE COMMITTEE ON GRADUATE TRAINING IN SURGERY: GUEST EDITORIAL. JAMA. 1959;171(6):843–844. doi:10.1001/jama.1959.03010240211014
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