Recently developed diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative techniques are opening up new and encouraging vistas for effective management of cerebrovascular accidents of various kinds. The diagnosis of stroke is not sufficient; it is necessary to determine the vessel involved and the cause of its involvement. Early cerebral angiography is urged as essential for the recognition of structural anomalies, functional derangements, or pathological changes. Medical treatment must take into account the possibility of blood dyscrasias, disturbance of the clotting mechanism, and cardiovascular disease. Surgical treatment is available for the correction of malformations, occlusions, and aneurysms.
Pool JL. CIRCULATION OF THE BRAIN: DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS. JAMA. 1960;173(14):1527–1529. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03020320007002
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