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August 27, 1960

Postural Fitness: Significance and Variances

JAMA. 1960;173(17):1940. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03020350058020

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The authors believe that many disabilities and health problems have their roots in postural deviations. Consequently, they advocate a program of physical education in the schools that includes developmental activities designed to promote good posture and body mechanics. Postural fitness is defined as the capacity to maintain proper segmental relationships in all body movements. As such, it goes beyond sitting, standing, and walking to constitute the best body positioning for functional efficiency in any given activity.

The physician, physical educator, school nurse, parents, and others who may be involved are visualized as a team. Together, they can detect needs and plan programs of developmental activities for the child to help adjust irregularities in structural and functional postures. There are definite techniques for detecting such variations, tried procedures for approaching their alleviation, and exercise patterns of proved value to aid in their adjustment.

The authors take strong issue with those who

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