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A "how-to-do-it" for saying "stick out your tongue" in six foreign languages, this little handbook is cleverly designed as a compact, inexpensive, and expedient tool to aid the physician in overcoming the language barrier in questioning and examining non-English-speaking patients. The languages represented are French, Spanish, German, Italian, Polish, and Russian, each complete with its own set of questions in English and their foreign equivalents so phrased as to require only "yes" or "no" answers. A handy index gives access to the particular question the physician may wish to ask. The phonetic transliteration of each foreign question is indicated in equivalent English syllables so that the physician may approximate the sounds of the foreign language, without having to learn a set of phonetic symbols, well enough for the patient to understand what is being asked. If the patient can read, the physician need only point to the question he wishes
Marshall H. The Multilingual Manual for Medical Interpreting. JAMA. 1960;174(10):1353. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03030100121044
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