This is the name of Rudolph Matas as inscribed on the baptismal certificate in the Jesuit Church in New Orleans on Jan. 31, 1862. The date of birth was given as Sept. 12, 1860. His Catalonian parents migrated to the New World so that his father could study pharmacy and medicine in the newly organized New Orleans College of Medicine. In spite of good intentions, the Civil War provided rich opportunities for profiteering, and his swashbuckling father did not pursue continuously his profession as a physician. His efforts were expended in exploiting natural resources and other nonprofessional activities rather than caring for the sick. During the first decade of the life of Rudolph Matas, Napoleon III had placed Maximilian II and Carlotta on the throne in Mexico and the Carlist revolutionists were seeking to oust Isabella from the throne in Spain. Rudolph's mother was 10 years older than his father,
. RODOLPHE MATAS (1860-1957). JAMA. 1960;174(14):1856–1857. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03030140078021
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