The medical school in Montpellier, France, founded in the Middle Ages, reached its zenith in the 14th century, at which time it was the most famous of all European schools. The decrement in size of faculty and student body and deterioration in academic stature were directly related to the bubonic plague that swept the continent through a series of epidemics. Never again did it attain the proud position it once enjoyed. The brilliance of the school was influenced by the political philosophy enunciated by the village leaders as early as the 8th century. The community was a haven for religious and political refugees for more than 300 years and medical refugees for more than 200 years. Early in the 11th century the hamlet was a feudal possession of the Guilhems, sponsors of the Crusades and staunch supporters of the Vatican, but also patrons of learning and scholarship. The Guilhems welcomed
MEDIEVAL MEDICINE AT MONTPELLIER. JAMA. 1961;176(4):294–295. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040170040012
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