Marshall Hall, an Edinburgh graduate, a Nottinghamshire practitioner, and a London consultant, was responsible for several fundamental contributions in neurology, medicine, and physiology without being honored with a major hospital appointment. His father, cotton spinner and ingenious chemist in the textile industry, was one of the first to use chlorine in the bleaching of fabrics. It seemed reasonable for Marshall to choose Edinburgh for medicine; it was recognized as the leading medical school in Britain in the early 19th century. Ward visits were conducted daily in the hospital by physicians and surgeons who shared responsibilities with the resident physician or "clinical clerk." Such a policy had been firmly established in Edinburgh a generation before it was adopted by London hospitals.
Following graduation, Hall was appointed resident physician at the Royal Infirmary for a 2-year period. He left Edinburgh in 1814 with a fine reputation, undoubtedly related to an outstanding series
MARSHALL HALL (1790-1857). JAMA. 1962;181(13):1132–1133. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050390034011
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