A series of patients with gonorrhea-like urethritis was studied to determine the causative organisms. Only one-third were found to be infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, while nearly two-thirds were infected with organisms of the tribe Mimeae. About one-half the cases studied were penicillin-resistant and were all among the Mimeae-infected group. The findings do not support the concept of penicillin-resistant N. gonorrhoeae. Penicillin-resistant urethritis resembling gonorrhea appears to be caused by infection with the Mimeae.
Svihus RH, Lucero EM, Mikolajczyk RJ, Carter EE. Gonorrhea-Like Syndrome Caused by Penicillin-Resistant Mimeae. JAMA. 1961;177(2):121–124. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040280025007
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