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October 7, 1961

The Central Nervous System and Behavior, Transactions of the First Conference, Feb. 23, 24, 25 & 26, 1958

JAMA. 1961;178(1):93. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040400095037

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The ideas Americans have of Russian medicine are likely to be pretty sketchy. One of the very remarkable features of this fascinating Conference on The Central Nervous System and Behavior is a pictorial review of great Russian physicians and scientists coupled with a series of biographical essays on such distinguished Russian investigators as Pavlov, Bechterev, Sechenov, Wedensky, Danilevsky, and Ukhtomsky. Additional papers and discussion deal with their major contributions to Russian medicine and Russian neurology. The very considerable contribution which Horsley Gantt has made in his translations and popularizations of Pavlov and his works stands out among the many fine discussions in this extremely interesting volume. Pavlov's studies of conditioned reflexes, most of which came after his work on gastric physiology for which he was given the Nobel Prize, have had a profound influence in Russia where the environmentalists are in the ascendant. The most extreme of them believe hopefully

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