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April 17, 1967

Thomas Woodrow Wilson: A Psychological Study

JAMA. 1967;200(3):266. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03120160132045

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Freud stated that the figure of Woodrow Wilson, "as it rose above the horizon of Europeans, was from the beginning unsympathetic to me and that this aversion increased in the course of years." He did not, however, know him personally. Bullitt knew Wilson from the time of the 1912 presidential campaign, worked under him during the Versailles negotiations, but resigned from the Peace Commission and published an open letter to Wilson in 1919, expressing his disapproval of the terms of the treaty and of Wilson's activity.

Freud and Bullitt collaborated over several years to produce a study of Wilson, based largely on information gathered by Bullitt and on psychoanalytic theories expounded by Freud. Understandably, they deferred publication of the book until after the death of Wilson's closest relatives.

Freud and Bullitt contend that Wilson's relationship with his father, a Presbyterian minister, formed his character and determined most of the actions