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Article
June 12, 1967

Infiltration With Epinephrine and Local Anesthetic Mixture in the Hand

Author Affiliations

From the Rockford (III) Memorial Hospital, and the Summer-Kock Burn Unit, Cook County Hospital, Chicago.

JAMA. 1967;200(11):990-991. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03120240118030
Abstract

I STRONGLY SUSPECT that the current misconceptions concerning the use of a local anesthetic and epinephrine (Adrenalin) mixture in the hand stem from Bunnell's Surgery of the Hand. It states:

Local anesthesia, especially with adrenalin content, is best avoided as it lowers the resistance of the tissues. Tissues must have maximum vitality. Adrenalin should never be injected into a digit because from this gangrene has often resulted.

The subsequent edition of this book2 has mitigated this arbitrary wording, "If used in a digit it should not contain epinephrine," but two statements are made that contradict one another: "A tourniquet is essential," and then a few pages later, "Protection of and preservation of optimum blood supply is a most important factor in all extremity surgery." I feel that a very useful adjunct to hand surgery has been maligned. And surely because of this attitude, many unnecessary general anesthetics have been

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