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January 8, 1968


JAMA. 1968;203(2):31-42. doi:10.1001/jama.1968.03140020101045

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Organ Transplantation And Our Laws: A Warning And A Need  Uniform laws to increase availability of donor organs—but not to set criteria for histocompatibility—are the immediate and pressing needs for transplantation in the United States.This was the response of a coast-to-coast group of transplant surgeons and immunologists surveyed recently by JAMAMedical News. They were reacting to the world's first national legislation on transplant requirements, enacted by the government of Italy.The Italian act, negating a 1940 prohibition against organ transplantation, includes the proviso that donor-recipient histocompatibility be certified by a medical board.Noting the action as the first national recognition of tissue typing's importance, was a National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases background paper. The clinician responsible for most Italian tissue typing under the law will be Ruggero Ceppellini, MD, director of medical genetics at the University of Turin (JAMAMedical News194:35 [Oct 18] 1965).Dr. Ceppellini, internationallyrecognized as among the leaders in histocompatibility testing,