J. F. Meckel, the elder, born in Wetzlar, Germany, studied medicine at Göttingen and later at the University of Berlin.1 After qualifying in 1748 for the MD degree at Göttingen, he returned to Berlin, became prosector in anatomy, and taught obstetrics at the Charité. In 1751, he obtained the rank of professor of anatomy, botany, and obstetrics but devoted most of his time to anatomical studies. Several of his scientific communications were prepared in Latin or German; others were translated from the Latin into French and appeared in the Memoirs of the Academy of Science of Berlin between 1749 and 1765. Meckel's treatment of the visceral branches of the veins and lymphatics, prepared shortly before death, was his last but one of his most important contributions. The description of the sphenopalatine ganglion (Meckel's ganglion), published in Latin, was included in his inaugural dissertation; the description of the recess in
JOHANN FRIEDRICH MECKEL (1724-1774) FATHER OF THE DYNASTY. JAMA. 1968;203(6):422. doi:10.1001/jama.1968.03140060046015
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