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July 15, 1968

Iron Deficiency Anemia In a Pueblo Indian Village

Author Affiliations

Ann Arbor, Mich

JAMA. 1968;205(3):186. doi:10.1001/jama.1968.03140290078027

To the Editor:—  Routine outpatient services in a typical Pueblo Indian village in New Mexico suggested a high incidence of anemia in infants and young children. A study to determine the incidence and severity was performed during the period from May through July, 1966.

Background:—  The Acoma Indian Reservation occupying 94 square miles and lying 65 miles southwest of Albuquerque, NM, has a total population of 2,512.1Living conditions are somewhat primitive. The homes are constructed from rock and adobe in the typical Pueblo Indian fashion. Electricity and plumbing are lacking in most areas of the reservation. However, two villages have electricity and plumbing facilities were installed in one village in 1966. The average working income per capita is $950 and 58% of the families have an annual income less than $3,000.1 The illegitimacy rate was 33% in 1965.The economy of the Acoma tribe is supported by sheep