In past Olympiads, the US Olympic Medical and Training Services Committee functioned primarily as a personnel selection and supply committee of lay members—with medical problems handled by team physicians. The prospect of having to compete at Mexico City in the XIX Olympiad introduced two major problems, that of competing at an altitude considerably higher than that of any previous summer games and the well-recognized problem of enteritis. The primary step taken by the US Olympic Committee to meet these challenges was the appointment of a broad-based Medical and Training Services Committee, after consultation with the American College of Sports Medicine, the American Medical Association Committee on the Medical Aspects of Sports, other organizations, and numerous individuals. Because of the physiologic problems which were anticipated, an Advisory Panel on Sports Physiology was also appointed.
An early responsibility of the Medical and Training Services Committee was the selection of medical, nursing, and
Stiles MH. Medical Preparation for the Olympic Games. JAMA. 1968;205(11):771–774. doi:10.1001/jama.1968.03140370073016
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