Extraordinary advances in the biological and medical sciences in this century have raised serious ethical, social, and legal problems. Some of these problems are associated with: control of birth rates, "genetic engineering," organ transplantation, prolongation of dying, selective life saving, and behavior modification through drugs. The US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare has engaged in a continuing examination and discussion of the questions posed by clinical investigation in research conducted or funded by the National Institutes of Health. Several groups in the private sector have considered the legal, social, and ethical implications of advances in the health sciences. All this represents development of responsible decision points within our society for addressing and treating the issues and implications associated with advanced biomedical research.
DuVal MK. Biomedical Implications of Advanced Research and Technology. JAMA. 1972;220(2):247–249. doi:10.1001/jama.1972.03200020059014
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