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November 25, 1968


JAMA. 1968;206(9):2111-2112. doi:10.1001/jama.1968.03150090187031

Rudolf Albert von Kölliker, native of Zürich and investigator of multiple natural phenomena, was associated with the medical faculty of the University of Würzburg for more than 50 years.1 After attending the local Gymnasium, he studied geology, zoology, and natural philosophy under outstanding professors at the University of Zürich. Proceeding to medical school at Bonn and subsequently to Berlin, he studied comparative and pathological anatomy under Johannes Müller and normal histology under Jacob Henle. Kölliker then returned to Zürich in 1841 for the degree of doctor of philosophy. A few months later he took the MD degree in Heidelberg without an oral examination, presenting a thesis on the development of Chironomus and Donacia. Kölliker's contributions dealing with gross and microscopic form and function in lower forms of life as well as in man came at a propitious time in the history of scientific development; the elaboration of the cell