[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
June 12, 1972

Shall We "Reproduce"?II. Rejoinders and Future Forecast

JAMA. 1972;220(11):1480-1485. doi:10.1001/jama.1972.03200110060012

In the previous issue of The Journal1 I set forth the ethical objections against in vitro fertilization and embryo transplantation which can be drawn from applying to these experiments the received standards of medical ethics. Unless the ethics of the medical research profession is to be radically revised or abandoned, we ought not to manipulate at risk the child-to-be. I now want to take up certain answers to my argument. From the nature of these rejoinders we can clearly see the extent to which human procreation has already been replaced by the idea of "manufacturing" our progeny. Unless and until that concept is reversed, mankind's movement toward Aldous Huxley's Hatcheries must surely prove irreversible.

It may be granted that the mimicry of natural fertilization, implantation, and the environment of the womb cannot be guaranteed to be perfect or without possibly harmful, induced impairments to the possible future child. It