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January 12, 1976

Les origines de la transfusion sanguine

Author Affiliations

American Medical Association Chicago

JAMA. 1976;235(2):211. doi:10.1001/jama.1976.03260280059037

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For the early history of blood transfusions, many of the early steps are fairly well known but much has been rather obscure. The first intravenous injections into animals were carried out in 1657 by Christopher Wren. Then there followed successive experiments, transfusing blood from animal to animal, then from animal to man, and finally from man to man. At first the successes were startling, but then fatalities resulted, with great conflicts between the transfusers and the antitransfusers.

Peumery has delved into much of the little-known literature and presents an interesting picture of the turmoil at the end of the 17th century. He pays particular attention to a rather unsavory case of one Antoine Mauroy, that especially well illustrates the professional and social mores. Transfusion was finally forbidden in 1670 and remained under a cloud. Peumery deals only briefly with the later history of transfusion, and the monograph is essentially a