F. J. V. Broussais, a stormy medical figure in early 19th century France, was born at St. Malo, France, son of a Breton physician who was later killed by the Royalists. Following exposure to medicine as an apprentice in his father's practice, he served in combat as a sergeant with the Republic Army.1 In 1792, he studied in the hospital of St. Malo and gained experience as a naval surgeon against the British in government vessels as well as with privateers. Broussais went to Paris in 1800 and in 1803 received the MD degree, working under Bichat, Corvisart, and Pinel. Three years were then spent campaigning with Napoleon's forces. During these years he was developing, without experimental evidence, his theory of disease. After the fall of the emperor in 1814, Broussais returned to Paris and joined the medical faculty at the military hospital at Val-de-Grâce. In 1831, he became
François Joseph Victor Broussais (1772-1838) System of Physiological Medicine. JAMA. 1969;209(10):1523. doi:10.1001/jama.1969.03160230057018
Browse and subscribe to JAMA Network podcasts!
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: