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January 31, 1977

Medical School Libraries in the United States 1960 through 1975

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Library and Archival Services, American Medical Association, 535 N Dearborn St, Chicago.

JAMA. 1977;237(5):464-468. doi:10.1001/jama.1977.03270320042020

FOR ALMOST two decades subsequent to World War II, federal support for science and technology in the United States reached a magnitude never before equalled. Especially during the period 1953 to 1965, there occurred a sharp and sustained increase of huge proportion. While total expenditures by all sectors of the economy increased at an average rate of 13% per year, the contribution of the federal government to science grew at the rate of nearly 20% per year.1 It was in this period that a great national research program in the health sciences developed, followed by public demand for increasing services in health, education, and welfare.

Health sciences libraries, as strategies in attaining the objectives of research, teaching, and health care provision, were in turn affected by increased production of information and began to experience difficult problems in its handling and control. In the early postwar period, they were still