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February 14, 1977

Surfing Injuries at Waikiki

JAMA. 1977;237(7):668-670. doi:10.1001/jama.1977.03270340054020

A 56-month survey of 36 hospitalized patients injured while surfing off Oahu, Hawaii, indicated that 34% of the injuries involved the head and spine. Bodysurfing involves a considerable risk of craniospinal injury if the head is driven into the sand. The most frequent injury in surfboarding is being hit by a loose board. Risk of injury in surfboarding is approximately one per 17,500 surfing days—an incidence far below most sports.

(JAMA 237:668-670, 1977)