Ischiogluteal bursitis is an extremely painful disorder, characterized by pain over the center of the buttock and down the back of the leg. Probably a common disorder, it is rarely diagnosed and is easily confused with a herniated disk or even acute thrombophlebitis. Treatment is simple, the most important being three days of bed rest. A skillful injection into the bursa may be helpful. The patient may be left with weak leg muscles for many months.
Swartout R, Compere EL. Ischiogluteal Bursitis: The Pain in the Arse. JAMA. 1974;227(5):551–552. doi:10.1001/jama.1974.03230180049013
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