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March 30, 1970

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (1861-1947)

JAMA. 1970;211(13):2151-2152. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03170130047012

To F. Gowland Hopkins, self-taught chemist of Cambridge University, is due full credit for strengthening the stature of biochemistry in England and equating it with physiology. Hopkins was born at Eastbourne shortly after his parents had moved from London.1 His father died while he was an infant, and his mother arranged for an education without a recognized plan or a purposeful goal; rather, learning was gained at a succession of unimportant elementary schools. This was followed by three years of training in conventional statistical methods, and, at the age of 20, matriculation in technical chemistry at University College, London. Two years later Hopkins was offered a position in the chemical laboratory at Guy's Hospital, where he remained for five years. Then followed, in succession, medical instruction, research, and a teaching assignment, all at Guy's, concluding with the MB from the University of London at the age of 33. Hopkins