Data obtained from random samples of 87 women and 95 men physicians in the Detroit metropolitan area indicate that, at the time of survey, 84% of the women and 96% of the men were engaged in medical work. Only 7% of the women were not working because of reasons related to the traditional female role. Fifty-nine percent of the women and 87% of the men had worked full-time since medical school graduation. Fifty-one percent of the women, compared to 39% of the men, were in primary care specialties. Since medical school graduation, women physicians spent 90% as much time in medical work as did the men, despite the fact that most of the women had full responsibility for homes and families.
(JAMA 237:2514-2517, 1977)
Heins M, Smock S, Martindale L, Jacobs J, Stein M. Comparison of the Productivity of Women and Men Physicians. JAMA. 1977;237(23):2514–2517. doi:10.1001/jama.1977.03270500066029
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