Intravenous indwelling scalp-vein needles were cultured in a population with neoplastic disease. Twenty-four of the 74 needles cultured were positive; microorganisms generally considered pathogenic grew from 7 of these needles. The latter organisms included Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, α-hemolytic Streptococcus, and group D Streptococcus. Infected scalpvein needles were the bacteriologic source in one case of septicemia and one case of cellulitis. There was a trend toward increasing incidence of growth with increasing duration of needle placement.
Lowenbraun S, Young V, Kenton D, Serpick AA. Infection From Intravenous "Scalp-Vein" Needles in a Susceptible Population. JAMA. 1970;212(3):451–453. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03170160041007
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