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July 8, 1974

Industrial and Occupational Ophthalmology

Author Affiliations

University of Florida College of Medicine Gainesville, Fla

JAMA. 1974;229(2):211. doi:10.1001/jama.1974.03230400071049

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


This is a highly personal, readable account of industrial ophthalmology by a physician who has been engaged in this area for many years. The book begins with a discussion of visual testing. It explains the meaning of Snellin charts and their construction, and the methods of testing visual acuity. It defines binocular vision and considers methods of testing binocular vision. Visual fields are described, the normal is defined, and the standard tests used by the ophthalmologists are considered. Some of the newer screening tests for visual field defects that might be applicable to industry, however, are not discussed. Other visual functions such as color vision, muscle balance, and the instruments used to screen for these factors are also considered. This type of discussion is suitable for a nurse or a layman, but would almost certainly be too elementary for a physician.

The next area explored is that of visual requirements