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September 28, 1970

Acute Septicemic Melioidosis: Successful Treatment With Gentamicin

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Internal Medicine, Naval Hospital in USS Sanctuary (AH-17), FPO San Francisco.

JAMA. 1970;213(13):2266-2267. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03170390056015

The acute septicemic form of melioidosis is associated with a high mortality despite currently recommended antibiotic therapy. A patient who developed multiple complications of wounds received in Vietnam, including Pseudomonas pseudomallei septicemia, was successfully treated with gentamicin sulfate. The use of this drug in the treatment of melioidosis has not been previously reported. Gentamicin may be useful in the treatment of this disease.