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Article
January 16, 1978

Medical News

JAMA. 1978;239(3):177-187. doi:10.1001/jama.1978.03280300009001

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Abstract

Brain scan can help diagnose herpes simplex encephalitis  A brain scan can be a useful first step in diagnosing encephalitis due to herpes simplex virus (HSV), according to a report at the recent Chicago meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.Charles A. Karlin, MD, a resident in diagnostic radiology at the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City, and colleagues found that in the eight cases of proved herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) in which scanning was carried out, unilateral focal uptake in the temporal region was apparent in all scans. The eight patients were seen at the medical center between 1966 and 1976.Findings in the first five cases, in fact, led to the prospective diagnosis of the last three cases by brain scan and an immunofluorescent antibody reaction with brain biopsy tissue.Early diagnosis of HSE has become important as a result of the recent

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