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December 14, 1970

Johannes Müller (1801-1858) Anatomist, Physiologist, Pathologist

JAMA. 1970;214(11):2049-2051. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03180110057016

Johannes Müller, professor at the University of Berlin in each of the subtitled subjects, was one of the leaders in the 19th-century school of physiology in Germany. He was born in Coblenz into a shoemaker's family, was educated in the faith of the Roman Catholic Church in a stormy period of European history, and at 10 years of age, entered a venerable Latin seminary of the Jesuits.1 Proficiency in Latin and Greek, skill in mathematics, and a self-developed interest in biology and zoology were forces which contributed to his turning from a life in the church to the medical sciences. After serving for a year as a volunteer in the army, in 1819, Müller began his higher education at the University of Bonn. The study of respiration of the fetus based upon experimental observations, which won him a prize in competition, was an early example of his abiding curiosity