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The Macy Foundation sponsored a conference in Bellagio, Italy, in October 1968, to consider the question of "how to start a medical school." The editor of the collected papers reviewed the history of the western model of medical education and the consequence of its colonial exportation. The several authors portray the insight which led to repudiation by developing countries of the traditional format of medical education.
The book describes 14 new medical schools in Ghana, the Ivory Coast, the West Indies, Nigeria, Brazil, Turkey, Thailand, India, Malaysia, Columbia, Uganda, Rhodesia, and the United States. Each paper covers the origin, organization, and philosophy of a school, and answers the question, "How would you do it if you had it to do over again?" The authors say in common that medical students should be taught to focus upon the health of the community rather than the illness of individuals; that preventive medicine
Norman W. Hoover. Medical Schools for the Modern World. JAMA. 1970;214(13):2340. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03180130072029