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Article
October 16, 1981

Consequences of atom bombings in dispute

JAMA. 1981;246(16):1764. doi:10.1001/jama.1981.03320160008005

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Abstract

Some Japanese civilians from Hiroshima and Nagasaki have been studied regularly by medical scientists since the atomic bombs were dropped during World War II. But a National Research Council (NRC) panel has recently decided it would be impractical at this late date to begin a similar radiation-exposure study on American occupation troops who were stationed in or near those cities shortly after the bombings.

Impinging on this is a recent report on a follow-up study of children born to Japanese survivors of the bombings. James V. Neel, MD, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, William J. Schull, PhD, University of Texas, Houston, and statistician Masanori Otake, Hiroshima, write that so far they have found "no clearly statistically significant effects of parental exposures," such as increases in untoward pregnancy outcomes, deaths of live-born children, or sex chromosome aneuploidy or certain mutations in offspring (Science 1981;213:1205, 1220-1227).

Thus, this study to date suggests

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