Cases of plague continue to occur in various parts of the world, including the western United States, where plague is endemic among the wild rodent population. In 1980, a case of plague acquired in New Mexico and hospitalized in Nebraska illustrated the problem of plague occurring in persons traveling from the state in which they become infected to another state. Nine cases of plague in travelers were identified among the 166 cases of plague reported in the United States from 1950 to 1980. Physicians should be aware of natural plague foci in the western United States and should obtain a travel history from patients with an illness clinically compatible with plague.
Mann JM, Schmid GP, Stoesz PA, Skinner MD, Kaufmann AF. Peripatetic Plague. JAMA. 1982;247(1):47–48. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03320260031024
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