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January 1, 1982

Isolation of Mycoplasma hominis From the Blood of Men With Multiple Trauma and Fever

JAMA. 1982;247(1):60-61. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03320260044029

MYCOPLASMA hominis is a common inhabitant of the human genitourinary and upper respiratory tracts.1,2 Its full role in the pathogenesis of disease in man is unclear. Infections associated with M hominis have been reported mainly in postpartum women1 and neonates.2 Isolation of the organism from the bloodstream following vaginal delivery or abortion is well documented1; however, its recovery from the blood of adult men has been described in only a single report.3 We present two patients from whom M hominis was isolated in blood cultures following multiple trauma. One of these also had septic arthritis.

Report of Cases 

Case 1.—  A 26-year-old man, found unconscious following a motor vehicle accident, was admitted with multiple lacerations and fracture of the left femur and fracture dislocation at C2-C3. Following initial supportive therapy he regained consciousness. The hospital course was characterized by intermittent fever spikes (temperatures of 39