Occupational Safety and Health Act
Frustrations and conflicting views of priorities in occupational medicine characterize the past decade. The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHAct) of 1970 set the stage for much of the turmoil that evolved, and it affected an estimated 60 million employees in approximately 5 million establishments. The Department of Labor under the OSHAct was charged with the responsibilities of setting standards and enforcing them; the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was created for this purpose. The then Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (DHEW) inherited new tasks in safety and health research, training, and employee education. The federal courts were granted jurisdiction in enforcement proceedings brought under the act. For all employers throughout the country, there were problems in determining what the act required and how they could remain in compliance. New agencies were created to perform specific functions. The Occupational Safety and Health Review
McCahan JF. Occupational Medicine. JAMA. 1980;243(21):2201–2202. doi:10.1001/jama.1980.03300470061035
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