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July 18, 1980

San Antonio heart study compares ethnic groups

JAMA. 1980;244(3):225. doi:10.1001/jama.1980.03310030007003

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The largest minority group in the United States may soon become the Hispanic population, which currently is estimated to comprise about 12 million persons. People of Mexican ancestry make up about 60% of this group, and no major US city has a greater proportion of persons of Mexican origin than San Antonio, Tex.

Recognizing this, investigators at the University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, are conducting what they say is "one of the first comprehensive studies of diabetes, high blood pressure, and other cardiovascular risk factors to include a broad cross section of this Mexican origin population." Michael P. Stern, MD, director of the study, says the major objective is to learn how socioeconomic, cultural, life-style, and genetic factors affect disease patterns in Mexican- and Anglo-Americans there.

The study began in September 1979, and Stern says that preliminary data from the first 251 persons examined indicate that Anglo-Americans